In many urban schools there is a concern for customary and habitual suspensions and expulsions. These practices are largely driven by the over-representation of minority demographics. Minority students make up a large portion of the population of students who are suspended or expelled from school. An alarming fact is that African American boys make up 23%% of the CPS's student population yet 76% of this student population are expelled from CPS schools. Also important is emerging research that indicates that these consequences, suspension and expulsion, are not likely to change the inappropriate behavior of the students involved, nor do they serve to deter other students from engaging in the same behaviors.